Wednesday, June 24, 2020
The overall message that Greenleaf Servant Leadership sends out to followers is intrinsically a modernised, diluted version of the Old Testament. This idea is perfectly epitomised by Greenleaf Servant Leaderships key message that, The servant-leader is servant first, this statement which features in the opening passage of Robert K Greenleafs esteemed essay has all the hallmarks and bearings of archetypal biblical scripture, for example, in the bible in the passage, Luke 22:26, it states that, rather, let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves. These similarities within the realm of servitude prove whole heartedly that the basis for Greenleaf Servant Leadership is to put others before yourself and to ensure that others needs are catered to before your own, this striking resemblance to the passage, Luke 22:26 sends the exact same message about putting others before yourself to ensure greatness in servitude.. One of the main differences between Greenleaf Servant Leadership and the Bible is that the Bible does not have an air of militant leadership about it. Greenleaf Servant Leadership is more of a philosophical leadership style, whereas the Bible is quite literally a physical, spiritual accoutrement of a well-established religion, Christianity. Peter 5:3, states that not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock. This message is the polar opposite to what Greenleaf says are the fundamentals to his society, when Greenleaf says, some servant leadership-based outcomes, like profits and retention that are not difficult to measure (incidentally, research shows that both markers are improved in servant-led organisations. It is apparent from Greenleafs statement that his society, which has all the hallmarks of a right wing Cult, has an unhealthy obsession with growth, which could be perceived as being overly concerned with monetary gain, this is something which the Bible does not preach. This is an example of how innately different the two organisations are; For example, Acts 20:35 states, In all things I have shown you that by working hard in this way we must help the weak and remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he himself said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. . This classic example highlights and reiterates how the Bible has an overwhelming penchant for assisting those in need and those in poverty, unlike Greenleafs philosophical militia that his followers need to allow him to be their servant for them to prosper. To draw the readers attention to a passage in the Bible, specifically Matthew 20:20-28, Matthew states, Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant,Ã and whoever wants to be first must be your slave Ã¢â¬â just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many. Contrary to what was just stated above, it does appear that elements of Greenleafs esteemed essay have their grassroots in the Bible, as Matthews mention of serving others, to become great is not too dissimilar from Greenleafs archetypal tagline, servant first. But alas, according to Greenleaf himself, Greenleaf Servant Leadership, is not based on the Bible at all, Greenleaf took his inspiration from a book he read, titled: Journey to the East. According to Andrey V.Shirin, this is a story about a group of people on a journey, and the central figure is Leo, who does menial chores and sustains the group with his songs and spirit. All goes well unti l Leo disappears, the group unravels and the journey is abandoned. After some years the author finds out that Leo is the leader of the Order that sponsored the journey. Thus Leo is both a servant and a leader.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;On April 13, 1999, the most recognized physician performing assisted suicide, Dr, Jack Kevorkian, was sentenced to ten to twenty-five years in prison for second degree murder and three to seven years for delivery of a controlled substance. Assisted suicide happens when a person commits suicide with the help of someone else. Physician assisted suicide is generally pain free and, as some would say, the most peaceful way to die. Should it be the right of terminally ill patients to decide if they want to seek out physician assisted suicide to end their intolerable pain, or should it be up to the courts? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Physician-assisted suicide occurs when a physician facilitates a patientÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These laws are deeply rooted. In recent years, however, these assisted suicide bans have been reexamined and, reacknowledged. Because of advances in medicine and technology, people today are more likely to die in hospitals from chronic illnesses. Public concern and democratic action are focused on how best to protect dignity and honor at the end of life, there have been many significant changes in state laws and in the attitudes these laws reflect. Many states, for example, now permit quot;living wills, surrogate health care decision making, and the withdrawal or refusal of life sustaining medical treatment.Ã¢â¬ voters and legislators continue for the most part to backup their states prohibitions on assisting suicide. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;According to a recent survey taken by a Baylor College of Medicine professor in early 1997, some 44.5 percent of ordinary doctors said they favor legalization of Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS), 33.9 percent were opposed and the other 21.6 percent were unsure. The survey is the first nationwide examination of all doctorsÃ¢â¬â¢ views on physician-assisted suicide. Those whoShow MoreRelatedPhysician Assisted Suicide: The Right to Choose2029 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesyou know, about 57% of physicians today have received a request for physician assisted suicide due to suffering from a terminally ill patient. Suffering has always been a part of human existence, and these requests have been occurring since medicine has been around. Moreover, there are two principles that all organized medicine agree upon. The first one is physicians have a responsibility to relieve pain and suffering of dying patients in their care. The second one is physicians must respect patients Ã¢â¬â¢Read MoreLegalizing Physician Assisted Suicide1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescurrent society, legalizing physician assisted suicide is a prevalent argument. In 1997, the Supreme Court recognized no federal constitutional right to physician assisted suicide (Harned 1) , which defines suicide as one receiving help from a physician by means of a lethal dosage (Pearson 1), leaving it up to state legislatures to legalize such practice if desired. Only Oregon and Washington have since legalized physician assisted suicide. People seeking assisted suicide often experience slanted judgmentsRead MoreShould Physician Assisted Suicide Be Legal?761 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages We Should be in Favor of Physician-assisted Suicide In a momentous decision released February 6, 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that Physician-assisted suicide will be legal in Canada within 12 months. This deci-sion has caused a myriad of controversy. Opponents of physician-assisted suicide argue that the constitution recognizes the sanctity of life and no one has the right to end the life of another personÃ¢â¬â¢s. Supporters, on the other hand, argue that patients who experience constantRead MoreThe Ethics of Euthanasia Essay1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmisery, however in the state of North Carolina, physician-assisted suicide is illegal. Luckily, her father passed away this year and is finally free of pain and suffering. However, if physician-assisted suicide was legal, her father would not have had to suffer as long as he did. Before we explore the sides of physician-assisted suicide, letÃ¢â¬â¢s go over exactly what physician-assisted suicide entails. When the topic of physician-assisted suicide comes up, many individuals believe it is the sameRead MoreAdvocates Against Assisted Suicide Advocates Essay1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdvocates against assisted suicide argue that the untaken medication will be dispersed to a larger group of people than just the terminally ill it was intended for. A little over 40% of the population of individuals that received life-ending medication did not even take the medication (Keown 172). Keown details a summary of the prescriptions ingested in 2015 as of this current January. All of the medications that a prescription was written for were carefully tracked and observed. The Death with DignityRead MoreExplanation Of Physician Assisted Suicide1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPhysician assisted suicide has been legal in Oregon since November 1997. Over 750 people have taken adv antage of this law since it was passed. Many people think there is something wrong with such this and it should be outlawed. I will argue that there is no moral basis for the outlaw of such a practice. Explanation of physician assisted suicide Physician assisted suicide occurs when an ill patient consults a doctor and decides that they would like to end their life. Typically, the patient is prescribedRead MoreThe Right to Commit Physician-Assisted Suicide1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Right to Commit Physician-Assisted Suicide Physician-assisted suicide is suicide by a patient facilitated by means or information (as a drug prescription or indication of the lethal dosage) provided by a physician who is aware of how the patient intends to use such means or information (Ã¢â¬Å"Physician-assisted suicideÃ¢â¬ ). Physician-assisted suicide should be accessible to the incurably ill patient. Allowing a patient to have this freedom could, for one, bypass tremendous pain and suffering.Read MoreA Brief Note On Assisted Suicide And Suicide1062 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAfter researching assisted suicide I have more questions than when I started. The definition of assisted suicide is very factual: suicide facilitated by another person, especially a physician, who organized the logistics of the suicide, as by providing the necessary quantities of a poison (The definition of assisted suicide 2016). After much research I have learned that assisted suicide is an option one has to make depending on their moral standards, w ill to live, and how they want to die ratherRead MoreThe Debate Surrounding Physician-Assisted Suicide Essay1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPhysician-assisted suicide is the practice in which a doctor prescribes a terminally ill patient with a lethal medication as a form of active, voluntary euthanasia. These patients, rather than suffer slowly and painfully, often request this procedure as a means of experiencing a more Ã¢â¬Å"dignifiedÃ¢â¬ death. The debate surrounding this issue is a heated one, especially among the general public whose attitudes are deeply influenced by the level of patient pain and discomfort (Frileux et al. 334). At theRead MoreIs Physician Assisted Suicide A Good Idea?1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIs Physician-Assisted Suicide a Good Idea? Imagine having a relative with a terminal illness; perhaps this person feels that his only option is assisted-suicide. Now, put yourself into his shoes. Would you choose to live the rest of your days in pain, or would you choose to die with a sense of dignity? Physician-assisted suicide has been prohibited for many years. Numerous physicians have given their input on the subject, enlightening a multitude of people on the fundamentals of assisted-suicide. Others
Monday, May 18, 2020
Domestic violence is a dilemma that affects every family member, including the children. Two previous studies have shown that child abuse, domestic violence, and both in combination increase a childÃ¢â¬â¢s risk for internalizing and externalizing negative behavioral outcomes and that the belief that some children may have that they are capable of controlling a domestic violence situation may actually trigger them into adopting traumatic behavioral symptoms. The goal of this study is to focus on children in New York and determine the specific ways that they are mentally and behaviorally affected by exposure to domestic violence by measuring the amount of times that they have acted out violently. This study will juxtapose those who are greatlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The research in this study will solely be descriptive since some of the research questions look for answers that describe the Ã¢â¬Å"who, what, where, when, and howÃ¢â¬ of the issue at hand. Literature Review In the work, Ã¢â¬Å"The Effects of Child Abuse and Exposure to Domestic Violence on Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior ProblemsÃ¢â¬ , researchers conducted a study in order to examine the effects of child abuse and domestic violence exposure on childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to internalize and externalize certain behaviors as a result. The researchers argued that exposure to domestic violence will increase a childÃ¢â¬â¢s likelihood of internalizing and externalizing certain behaviors. They also argued that children exposed to both child abuse and domestic violence, or both at the same time, will elevate their likelihood of internalizing and externalizing the negative behaviors more than those who exposed to just one of the environments or none at all (Moylan et. al. 2009: 55). The information collected in the research study was determined by the type of research conducted, the methods of data collection, and the characteristics of the sample of the s tudy. In this work, the study was conducted by using the descriptive research method since it was designed to provide information about the social dilemma of domestic violence and its effects on children. Face-to-face interviews and individually administered
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cyber Security Every company needs some sort of security protection for their information system. According to Sam Musa, Ã¢â¬Å"The goal of information security is to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability of the data.Ã¢â¬ Data breaches happen all the time and companies set up security systems to protect their data. There are three important factors needed to have a successful security system. The first, protecting and defending data through a cyber-security system. Second, operating and maintaining the systems set up to protect and defend data. Lastly, the investigation of data breaches and crimes that happen around the world will help adapt and improve security systems made to protect your data. The effects a cybercrime can incur are very costly and the steps needed to recover are discussed later. Cyber security is extremely important to Management Information Systems (MIS) because if you do not have security for your systems all your data could be stolen, lost, or worse shown to the public. In working in MIS, company data is all around you and it is your job to keep that data safe. Protecting and Defending Data. In keeping a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s data secure, the first important aspect is protecting and defending your data. According to Kris Lovejoy, Ã¢â¬Å"Early detection and rapid response are the best defense against rising cyber threats and sophisticated attacks.Ã¢â¬ It is important to identify threats to your system to help prevent more attacks. One way to prevent data breaches isShow MoreRelatedNuclear Facilities Are Among The Most Highly Secured Infrastructure1592 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesanalog system and instruments are becoming obsolete, the nuclear industry is starting to implement new digital systems throughout different facilities. In order to lower the risks of physical and cyber-attacks, nuclear facilities are adopting strict protection policy and practices. Despite the implementation of these safety measures, digital instruments and computer-based systems associated with physical protection system and control system inside the facilities can still be exposed to more cyber vulnerabilitiesRead MoreCyber Security And Cyber Attacks1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshave could negatively impact organizations information security. A vast majority of organizations rely on computers and the internet to store its data. Cyber attacks can take place in a variety of industries that might the general population does not realize such as cellular communication services, airplane navigation systems, and medical record security. All of these organizations are in highly diverse industries but need to be aware of cyber threats that could affect their specific industry. TheRead MoreThe Purpose Of A National Cybersecurity Strategy1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinfrastructures. As our society become more reliable on IT, the availability and protection of these crucial facilities are increasingly becoming the topic of national consideration. The incidents that cause disruption of IT services and crucial infrastructures could disrupt the normal functioning of eco nomy and society. For this reason, the cyberspace security is one of the serious challenges of the 21st century. Therefore, cyber security has been regarded as a strategic and horizontal national challenge thatRead MoreSummary : Cyber Security Principles And Policy Options1005 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSummary for Cyber security - principles and policy options Cyber security is one of the major problem now a days because this problem doesn t consent with a single company or a state, all over the world are facing Cyber security problems. Some of the countries are consistently improvising their security. Some of the most prescient threats to cyber security are online identity theft, critical infrastructure protection, industrial cyber espionage and bonnets. Online identity theft is mostlyRead MoreCyber Security : The Protection Of Computers1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespractically living our lives online, something needs to keep our precious data safe. Cyber security was the answer to that dilemma, and keeps all of our personal information away from people who have nefarious plans for it. Cyber Security spawned from the technology age. With so many people online and some much data flowing freely, it was only a matter of time before something bad happened. Cyber security is the protection of computers, networks, and pretty much anything that deals with an internet connectionRead MoreA Brief Note On Cyber Crime Through The Years1482 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImportance of Cyber Security in America Ã¢â¬Å"If you spend more on coffee than on IT security, you will be hacked. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, you deserve to be hacked. -Richard Clarke Cyber Crime through the Years Since the late 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s, cyber security has been a growing industry. Viruses such as the Morris Worm proved to the world that the internet was not a safe and secure architecture. In later years the Michelangelo virus, Melissa, and Concept began to push the IT industry for research on cyber security and antivirusRead More Cyber Security Policies and Defense Contractors Essay1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbstract Cyber security policies in the private sector have been a challenging issue for major defense contractors, especially after recent attacks. As a result, the U.S. increased its strict enforcement against these companies by justifying its intervention to improve cyber security. The government would like to impose standards for companies who lack the proper protocol. Due to the revised and new procedures, corporations are responding by rejecting any congressional intervention. This has causedRead MoreCyber Security : Armed Forces Sub Unified Command Of America1076 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCYBER SECURITY RESERVES Unite state cyber reserve is armed forces sub-unified commands / commanded aiding Strategic Command of America . This command is stuated in Maryland , its supposed to ensures that all cyberspace operations are centralized , Its also responsible for the organization of available cyber resources and synchronizes defense of united states military networks . (Protect your workplace , report any abnormal behavior , activity , and cyber incidents . (2006 ) [Washington , D . CRead MoreCyber Security Role For Homeland Security Intelligence1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesshown major flaws within the intelligence community. Those events led the creation of the Department of Homeland Security and with it pooled federal agencies into in umbrella for it to be centralized in order to be effective. There are three categories in which the Homeland Security Intelligence face in the 21st century. Those categories are technological, political, and cyber security. In this day in age everything from critical infrastructure, government information to money is being digitalizedRead MoreThe Importance of Cyber Security1093 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesincreasing use and lack of protection from cyber security, more and more people are becoming victims of cyber bullying, or the teasing and discrimination of others through online sources. The internet not only offers communication tactics, but also ways to keep track of your finances and shop from home. Identity theft through hacking is well known among the ones who risk putting their personal banking information online. Because of all the crime, the demand for cyber security is steadily increasing.
Question: Discuss about the Element for Sustainable Waste Management. Answer: Introduction There occurs the generation of chemical waste in various sectors from large industries,healthcare to small businesses. There occurs the generation of large quantities of hazardous waste and there is the scope for reducing this waste generation with the help of the programmes related to waste prevention. Industries that are generating toxic wastes are numerous, which ranges from chemicals to electronics as well as from plastics to metal plating. These toxic wastes are having a negative impact on the natural environment and are having a connection with different problems related with health ranging from immune and reproductive disorders to respiratory and other ailments. Global issue where shared responsibility for the common good is not being realised A global issue that is affecting the environment and where the shared responsibility for the common good is not being realised is concerned with the aspect of chemical waste management. Chemical wastes are liquid, semi-solid as well as solid wastes that are hazardous in nature or constituting the threat associated with the aspect of polluting the environment. To dispose chemical waste in an indiscriminate manner is having a serious health, safety as well as environmental impact (Yong 2016). The management of chemical waste is becoming a growingly international concern. The global generation of toxic waste is almost 440 million tons, as well as an approximate 10 percent of that waste is making its way across the global boundaries. Industries that are generating toxic wastes are numerous, which ranges from chemicals to electronics as well as from plastics to metal plating. These toxic wastes are having a negative impact on the natural environment and are having a connection with different problems related with health ranging from immune and reproductive disorders to respiratory and other ailments (Kjeldsen 2016). To dispose chemical waste is having a huge environmental influence and will be causing serious challenges. The various environmental effects of chemical wastes are mentioned as under, Surface water contamination Chemical waste that is ending up in water bodies will be changing in a negative manner the chemical composition of the water. This will be affecting the entire ecosystems that exist in the water. Soil consumption Harmful chemicals that get into the soil might be harming the plants when they are taking up the contamination with the help of their roots. There occurs a negative influence on the health of individuals who consume those plants from the soils that have been contaminated. Pollution Practices relating to poor waste management will be resulting in the pollution of land as well as air and will be causing respiratory problems as well as other negative impact related to health (Edjabou 2015). Proposing ways for addressing the challenging issue regarding chemical waste management The different ways to address the challenging issue relating tochemical waste management are mentioned as under, Identifying the types of chemical wastes To recognize the proper traits relating to chemical waste is the primary step to safeguard the staffs as well as protect the business from legal actions. Small businesses might be establishing an official method to identify various kinds of chemical waste found on the premises as well as reminding the staffs when there is a rise in particular waste because of the production from companies. Through the creation of a more educated workforce, businesses will be preventing the accidents as well as eliminating any confusion regarding various kinds of chemical wastes (Allesch 2014). Knowing the ways for treating, storing as well as disposing To treat unpredictable industry excess materials is considered significant regarding appropriate removal. The materials should be undergoing a method that will be transforming the chemical elements for minimizing their environmental impact. Through the change in the physical or biological structural aspect relating to chemical wastes, organizations do the ensuring that the workforce is not harmed when in contact with the substances (Guerrero 2013). Organizations are required considering which storage options are required for the kind of waste that they are producing. Organizations are provided with regulations relating to the safe disposal that are depending on the aspect of classifying the hazards. Landfills, land treatment units as well as surface elements are all acceptable processes to remove materials till the time the organizations are complying with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Organizations can do the utilization of facilities that is treating, storing as well as disposing chemical wastes for guaranteeing security (Brunner 2015). Every facility is necessary for applying a chemical waste permit and it is considered being an effective idea regarding the organizations for requesting proof of the permit from the facilities. Treating the waste The treatment of the chemical waste might be reducing the volume of waste or making the chemical waste less hazardous. There is the requirement for disposing the waste with the help of a legally recognized facility for hazardous waste management, which is also considered as a treatment, storage as well as disposal facility or TSDF. An organization can have a direct dealing with a TSDF or do the utilization of a hazardous waste broker as a mediator (Arena 2014). Managing the waste as universal waste Universal wastes are comprising of waste batteries, mercury-containing thermostats as well as majority of the fluorescent lamps. Management of chemical wastes in respect of chemical wastes are reorganized for promoting their re-cycling. For instance, when the recycling of universal wastes take place, they are not required to be noticeable or counted regarding waste generation totals (Blackman 2016). Conclusion To conclude, it can be stated that there is the requirement for preventing as well as reducing the aspect of generating chemical waste by industries as well as the society. There is also the requirement for minimizing the collection of hazardous waste for reducing the environmental as well as health effect of any chemical waste that is not regulated. Also, there is the requirement for minimizing the health, social, environmental as well as economic influence related with the generation as well asmanagement of chemical wastes. Organizations are required considering which storage options are required for the kind of waste that they are producing. Organizations are provided with regulations relating to the safe disposal that are depending on the aspect of classifying the hazards. References Allesch, A. and Brunner, P.H., 2014. Assessment methods for solid waste management: A literature review.Waste Management Research,32(6), pp.461-473. Arena, U. and Di Gregorio, F., 2014. A waste management planning based on substance flow analysis.Resources, Conservation and Recycling,85, pp.54-66. Blackman Jr, W.C., 2016.Basic hazardous waste management. CRC Press. Brunner, P.H. and Rechberger, H., 2015. Waste to energykey element for sustainable waste management.Waste management,37, pp.3-12. Edjabou, M.E., Jensen, M.B., Gtze, R., Pivnenko, K., Petersen, C., Scheutz, C. and Astrup, T.F., 2015. Municipal solid waste composition: Sampling methodology, statistical analyses, and case study evaluation.Waste Management,36, pp.12-23. Guerrero, L.A., Maas, G. and Hogland, W., 2013. Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries.Waste management,33(1), pp.220-232. Kjeldsen, P., 2016. SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF CD WASTEREDUCING THE SOURCE TO OZONE DEPLETION AND GLOBAL WARMING. In5th International Conference on Industrial and Hazardous waste management. Yong, J.Y., Kleme, J.J., Varbanov, P.S. and Huisingh, D., 2016. Cleaner energy for cleaner production: modelling, simulation, optimisation and waste management.Journal of Cleaner Production,111, pp.1-16.
Question: Analyse and assess the influence of leadership on an organisation's culture . Critically evaluate the major attributes of effective leadership. Answer: Introduction Interpretation of organizations is mostly based on some theory or hypothesis to describe the reality. Many notions about organizations and management are always based on accepted beliefs and assumptions. It goes without saying that organizations are a complex entity which can be perceived in various perspectives. People who are rigid comprehend organizations regarding one of the metaphors (Tryggestad 2012). On the other hand, people who are flexible and suspend their judgmental mindset can see several perspectives rather than only a particular situation for dealing with organizations and the issues. The following analysis deals with how the principle of Morgan may be applicable in different organizational perspectives which are seemingly complex. The management of the organization should take stock of the increasingly emerging and complicated scheme of affairs. It is imperative that they wield Gareth Morgans Metaphors of Organization observations and recommendations and deal with the situations that exist in the organization. Discussion and Analysis Morgans organizational perspectives At the outset, it is important to learn that the central proposition of Images of Organization concerns all the theories and management is based on unspoken metaphors and the same exerts a paradoxical role. Morgan promulgated various organizational perspectives which are mentioned as follows. The machine view controls modern management thought process and is emblematic of bureaucracies (Avril and Zumello 2013). On the other hand, the organizational strategy or standpoint emphasizes and explores adaptation, growth, and environmental relationship. Organizations are deemed as information processors which have the capacity to learn. Organizations are also construed as cultures which are based on norms, beliefs, values and others. However, some organizations can be taken as psychic prisons wherein resources are trapped by their mindsets. Organizations are subject to change and can act as instruments of domination exerting emphasis over-exploitation thereby imposition of someones will on o thers. It is interesting to see how the doctrines of Gareth Morgan may be related and applied in the real-time organization parlance (Hadida et al. 2015). Machine organization metaphor In the modern world, machine dominates the business operations. The factual reality is people who are machine thinking in nature are expected to operate like a machine, for instance, clockwork by resorting to certain procedures while the rest as per certain rules which again work in a mechanical way. Firms have to adapt to the technology they made use of post-Industrial Revolution when resources lost their autonomy in work to assume specialists in controlling machines (Scott-Brown 2016). In the organization, machine managers are trained that will enable them to plan for and control the firm. The resources are taught to divide the entire firm into various functional departments with particular jobs assigned to them. Here, commands are circulated maintaining the hierarchy which involves the whole organization to have a uniform effect. As per the experts classical management theory, organizations should be rational and can be optimized to realize the optimal potential. In the organizati on, the resources would work well, given the task is simple in keeping with a stable environment. However, the reverse side of the case is if the organization fails to adapt to the changes, it may have to face unwanted repercussions which would lead to dehumanizing. Organismic organization metaphor The firm is supposed to function like existing organisms. The employees here have various complex needs that require being fulfilled so that the establishment could work properly. Now, various experts identify social needs in the workplace that exerts motivation to the work. In the selected company, the management has made special emphasis towards making work more significant and inspiring people to be involved in their assigned role. The organization is open to the changes and therefore should be well versed to respond to the ever-changing facets of the business environment. The firm practices organismic view which emphasizes on relations between organizations and environment. The company is currently focusing on survival strategy. The firm is innovative in nature and has more design choices by laying stress on inter-organizational relations. However, one such limitation in this regard is sometimes the firm becomes too mechanistic in its approach and hence fails to function properly due to lack of cooperation In its ranks and the metaphor can easily turn out to be a mere ideology (Morgan 2016). Self-organising metaphor When the things change, its imperative that the resources should be good enough to question that what they are doing is perfect and may be likened to the brain which is construed as the best information processor. As per the scholars, organizations cannot be wholly rational since they are devoid of access to a range of information (Oswick and Marshak 2012). Thus they can consider paltry alternatives while making decisions. Our concerned organization is no exception in this regard. It has settled for a restricted rationality which is based on limited information. Here, jobs and various functional departments create structures of interpretation along with decision-making which in turn makes the job of the managers relatively easy and simplified. On the other hand, the question remains whether companies like a brain which can learn. Morgan formulates that the key to brains functioning lies in its connectivity which encompasses various functions being performed by the same structure. Sim ilarly, the organization in question should seek to self-organize which would permit the unit to act like a brain. Here, redundancy may be created by the addition of specialized parts to the system which in corporate jargon refers to multitasking (Hatch and Cunliffe 2013). Organizations as Cultures Organizations are deemed as socially constructed entities. In industrial nations, society is made up of organizations that influence the lives of individuals along with particular beliefs, rituals, and rules. The strength of the cultural model is observed in the organization in this regard. This imparts valuable insight the nature and significance of relation which exists between the organization and the environment it operates in. This helps in the understanding of organizational change. However, the loophole in this regard could be that the cultural model may give rise to ideological control in the wrong hands of the firm (Sukowski and Zawadzki 2015). Organizational Culture Experts have pointed out three dimensions to an organizational culture which is termed as artifacts which are somewhat similar to Hofstedes cultural aspects, beliefs, and espoused values. However, others consider organizational culture as a product of a complex group of the learning process that puts together behavioral patterns and offers structural stability to various groups at a deeper level through shared basic assumptions (Loomis 2015). The said organization aims to engage into an adaptation drive which is a coping strategy that maintains a relationship to its environment. To achieve the business goals the resources must be in agreement about the way of achieving the companys mission. Managers should agree about how to allocate tasks and roles and delegate functions to appropriate resources. In other words, people of the organization must settle how the organization would initiate corrective measures if they learn that their organizational goals and objectives are not complied with. The remedial strategies disclose assumptions regarding the identity and mission which are related to the assumptions concerning the firms internal operations and functioning (rtenblad et al. 2016). Psychic Prisons This principle comes with a set of perspectives that facilitate to investigate into unconscious processes which reveal that the understanding of organization is too rational and draws attention to ethics which further creates barriers to change and innovation. Organizations nowadays are consciously created and sustained, and people are holed up by being imprisoned by mind gaps. Various organizations have failed because they were incapable of going beyond the policies that had a considerable contribution to making them successful at the beginning. The selected firm should make sure that it controls exploitation, domination and puts emphasis on cognitive processes (Mel and Cantn 2014). Transformative organizations The business environment is impermanent and transient in nature. To decipher the organization, one needs to have an exhaustive understanding of basic force that generates and sustain the firm. The company in consideration looks to adopt conventional approaches which imply that change is instigated by the environment of the organization. The factual reality is that this conjecture offers an insight over the nature and sources of change which may help the management to find ways of managing the change successfully (Martnez-vila and Beak 2016). Organizations acting as instruments of control It goes without saying that corporate practices put forth profit before human welfare and the condition are pitiable in not so affluent economies. The factual reality is that Industrial Revolution changed the paradigm of labor concept and changed labor into a commodity. Here, people are governed by the process of stringent administrative rules in the quest for efficiency. The concerned firm should be wary of the charismatic model which entails over unstable administration along with nepotism, and bureaucracy in legal administration (Jermier and Forbes 2016). Recommendation and Conclusion The above holistic explanation advocates Gareth Morgans theory of organizational metaphors. It means facilitating an individual or group to identify the unconscious metaphors that guide the worldview and directs the corporate decisions. It should be made sure that to facilitate without suggesting or imposing the organization's metaphor needs skilled management and adept practices. The entire process may be taken a notch higher by facilitating a resource or a body to symbolically self-model the manner the system works. Thus, in fine, it may be said that rather than trying to make change happen, new learning occurs, problems get solved and creativity is stimulated organically, as a by-product of the self-modeling process. References Avril, E. and Zumello, C., 2013. Introduction: Towards Organizational Democracy? Convergence and Divergence in Models of Economic and Political Governance. In New Technology, Organizational Change and Governance (pp. 1-20). Palgrave Macmillan UK. Hadida, A.L., Tarvainen, W. and Rose, J., 2015. Organizational improvisation: a consolidating review and framework. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17(4), pp.437-459. Hatch, M.J. and Cunliffe, A.L., 2013. Organization theory: modern, symbolic and postmodern perspectives. Oxford university press. Jermier, J.M. and Forbes, L.C., 2016. Metaphors, organizations and water: Generating new images for environmental sustainability. human relations, 69(4), pp.1001-1027. Loomis, B., 2015. Beyond Metaphor: Populations and Groups, Interests, and Lobbyists. In The Organization Ecology of Interest Communities (pp. 249-261). Palgrave Macmillan UK. Martnez-vila, D. and Beak, J., 2016. Methods, Theoretical Frameworks and Hope for Knowledge Organization. Knowledge Organization, 43(5). Mel, D. and Cantn, C.G., 2014. The Idea of the Human Person in Management and Organizational Theories. In Human Foundations of Management (pp. 30-49). Palgrave Macmillan UK. 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Thursday, April 23, 2020
Macbeth Tragism The character of Macbeth is a classic example of a Shakespearean tragic hero. There are many factors which contribute to the degeneration of Macbeth of which three will be discussed. The three points which contribute greatly to Macbeth's degeneration are the prophecy which was told to him by the witches, how Lady Macbeth influenced and manipulated Macbeth's judgment, and finally Macbeth's long time ambition which drove his desire to be king. Macbeth's growing character degenerates from a noble man to violent individual. The prophecies which were told by the witches were one of the factors which contributed to the degeneration of his character. If it had not been for the witches telling him that he was to be Thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glamis, and King of Scotland, Macbeth would still be his ordinary self. As a result of the prophecies, this aroused Macbeth's curiosity of how he could be King of Scotland. As the play progresses, Macbeth slowly relies on the witches prophecies. Shakespeare uses the witches as a remedy for Macbeth's curiosity which corrupts his character. The influence of Macbeth's wife, Lady Macbeth also contributed to his degeneration of character. Lady Macbeth's character in the beginning reveals that she is a lovable person. When Lady Macbeth was ready to kill King Duncan herself, it showed that Lady Macbeth could not murder King Duncan because he reminded her of her father. This proves that Lady Macbeth has a heart deep inside her. Lady Macbeth plays an important role in this play because she provided a scheme which caused Macbeth to assassinate King Duncan. After Macbeth had killed King Duncan, he later regrets on his wrong doing. At the point of this play the audience can note the change in Macbeth's character. Macbeth's first murder was a trying experience for him, however after the first murder, killing seemed to be the only solution to maintain his reign of the people of Scotland. Therefore, it was Lady Macbeth who introduced the concept of murder to Macbeth. Macbeth's ambition also influenced his declining character. However, Macbeth's ambition had not been strong enough to carry the motive to kill King Duncan. Lady Macbeth's influence also comes in to play because if not for Lady Macbeth, his ambition would not have been intensified enough to drive him to obtain and maintain his title of King of Scotland no matter what it took, even if it meant murdering. Macbeth's ambition influenced the cause of his new character. This new character of Macbeth contained greed, violence, and power hunger. Macbeth shows this when he kills King Duncan. In conclusion, the prophecies given to him by the witches, Lady Macbeth's influence and plan, and his intensified ambition, all contributed greatly to his degeneration of character which resulted to his downfall...death. Therefore Macbeth character displays strong signs of a tragic hero, making him the ideal classic example.